Physiological basis of cardiopulmonary rehabilitation in patients with lung or heart disease

Louvaris, Zafeiris and Vogiatzis, Ioannis (2015) Physiological basis of cardiopulmonary rehabilitation in patients with lung or heart disease. Breathe, 11 (2). pp. 120-127. ISSN 1810-6838

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1183/20734735.021114

Abstract

Shortness of breath associated with cardiorespiratory abnormalities and peripheral muscle discomfort are the major factors that limit exercise capacity in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and those with congestive heart failure (CHF). Both of these symptoms negatively impact on patients’ daily physical activity levels. In turn, poor daily physical activity is commonly associated with increased rates of morbidity and mortality. Cardiopulmonary rehabilitation programmes partially reverse muscle weakness and dysfunction and increase functional capacity in both COPD and CHF. However, benefits gained from participation in cardiopulmonary rehabilitation programmes are regressing soon after the completion of these programmes. Moreover, several barriers limit access and uptake of cardiopulmonary rehabilitation programmes by eligible patients. A potential solution to the underutilisation of cardiopulmonary rehabilitation is the implementation of tele-rehabilitation interventions at home using information and communications technologies. Thus, tele-rehabilitation may be useful to encourage and educate patients with COPD or CHF on how best to maintain and/or further enhance daily physical activity levels.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B100 Anatomy, Physiology and Pathology
C600 Sports Science
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Ay Okpokam
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2018 14:00
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2019 10:02
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/33110

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