View-dependent accuracy in body mass judgements of female bodies

Cornelissen, Piers, Cornelissen, Katri, Groves, Victoria, McCarty, Kristofor and Tovée, Martin (2018) View-dependent accuracy in body mass judgements of female bodies. Body Image, 24. pp. 116-123. ISSN 1740-1445

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bodyim.2017.12.007

Abstract

A fundamental issue in testing body image perception is how to present the test stimuli. Previous studies have almost exclusively used images of bodies viewed in front-view, but this potentially obscures key visual cues used to judge adiposity reducing the ability to make accurate judgements. A potential solution is to use a three-quarter view, which combines visual cues to body fat that can be observed in front and profile. To test this hypothesis, 20 female observers completed a 2-alternative forced choice paradigm to determine the smallest difference in body fat detectable in female bodies in front, three-quarter, and profile view. There was a significant advantage for three-quarter and profile relative to front-view. Discrimination accuracy is predicted by the saliency of stomach depth, suggesting that this is a key visual cue used to judge body mass. In future, bodies should ideally be presented in three-quarter to accurately assess body size discrimination.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: BMI; Body fat; Body judgements; Figural body scales
Subjects: C800 Psychology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 05 Feb 2018 11:18
Last Modified: 03 Aug 2019 08:00
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/33257

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