Exploring Challenges in Developing a Smart and Effective Assistive System for Improving the Experience of the Elderly Drivers

Jung, Sebin, Meng, Hong-Ying and Qin, Sheng-feng (2017) Exploring Challenges in Developing a Smart and Effective Assistive System for Improving the Experience of the Elderly Drivers. Chinese Journal of Mechanical Engineering, 30 (5). pp. 1133-1149. ISSN 1000-9345

[img]
Preview
Text
paper 2.pdf - Accepted Version

Download (842kB) | Preview
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10033-017-0165-6

Abstract

As the overall population ages, driving-related accidents and injuries, associated with elderly drivers, have risen. Existing research about elderly drivers mainly focuses on factual data collection and analysis, indicating the elderly’s growing fatal accident rates and their different behaviours compared to younger drivers. However, few research has focused on design-led practical solutions to mitigate the elderly’s growing fatal accidents, by considering their usability and body conditions, afflicting the elderly, such as decreased vision, hearing, and reaction times. In this paper, first, current worldwide situations on growing fatal accident rates for elderly drivers is reviewed and the key impact factors are identified and discussed with regarding to usability and design trend in the automotive technology for elderly. Second, existing smart vehicle technology-based solutions to promote safe driving are explored and their pros and cons are discussed and analysed. Most of solutions are not created by people with driving difficulties, which are caused by health problems most commonly afflicting the elderly. Thirdly, diverse design-led research activities are taken, such as a survey, observation, and interviews to gain new understanding of what kinds of driving problems elderly drivers have and demonstrate how new system concepts could be developed for the elderly’s benefits. Finally, it is found that the elderly’s low vision and late reaction are main factors causing their driving difficulties. Based on this finding, usable vehicle system design ideas have been proposed, by utilising facial expression sensing technology as a solution. The proposed solutions would ensure reducing both the elderly’s driving problems and high fatal accident rates and provide a more enjoyable driving environment for the elderly population.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Elderly drivers, Aging health conditions, Driving behaviours, Vision impairment, Cognitive impairment, Hearing loss, Reflexes, Fatal collision
Subjects: W200 Design studies
Department: Faculties > Arts, Design and Social Sciences > Design
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 12 Feb 2018 16:15
Last Modified: 28 Aug 2018 18:45
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/33337

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics


Policies: NRL Policies | NRL University Deposit Policy | NRL Deposit Licence