Ocean-Forced Ice-Shelf Thinning in a Synchronously Coupled Ice-Ocean Model

Jordan, Jim, Holland, Paul, Goldberg, Dan, Snow, Kate, Arthern, Robert, Campin, Jean-Michel, Heimbach, Patrick and Jenkins, Adrian (2018) Ocean-Forced Ice-Shelf Thinning in a Synchronously Coupled Ice-Ocean Model. Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans, 123 (2). pp. 864-882. ISSN 2169-9275

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1002/2017JC013251

Abstract

The first fully synchronous, coupled ice shelf-ocean model with a fixed grounding line and imposed upstream ice velocity has been developed using the MITgcm (Massachusetts Institute of Technology general circulation model). Unlike previous, asynchronous, approaches to coupled modeling our approach is fully conservative of heat, salt, and mass. Synchronous coupling is achieved by continuously updating the ice-shelf thickness on the ocean time step. By simulating an idealized, warm-water ice shelf we show how raising the pycnocline leads to a reduction in both ice-shelf mass and back stress, and hence buttressing. Coupled runs show the formation of a western boundary channel in the ice-shelf base due to increased melting on the western boundary due to Coriolis enhanced flow. Eastern boundary ice thickening is also observed. This is not the case when using a simple depth-dependent parameterized melt, as the ice shelf has relatively thinner sides and a thicker central “bulge” for a given ice-shelf mass. Ice-shelf geometry arising from the parameterized melt rate tends to underestimate backstress (and therefore buttressing) for a given ice-shelf mass due to a thinner ice shelf at the boundaries when compared to coupled model simulations.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ice shelf; coupled model; ice-ocean interactions; buttressing; parameterized melting
Subjects: F700 Ocean Sciences
F800 Physical and Terrestrial Geographical and Environmental Sciences
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Geography and Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 13 Mar 2018 10:19
Last Modified: 08 May 2018 10:36
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/33708

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