Use of loaded conditioning activities to potentiate middle- and long-distance performance

Blagrove, Richard, Howatson, Glyn and Hayes, Phil (2018) Use of loaded conditioning activities to potentiate middle- and long-distance performance. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research. ISSN 1064-8011 (In Press)

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0000000000002456

Abstract

The warm-up is an integral component of a middle- and long-distance athlete’s pre-performance routine. The use of a loaded conditioning activity (LCA), which elicits a post-activation potentiation (PAP) response to acutely enhance explosive power performance, is well-researched. A similar approach incorporated into the warm-up of a middle- or long-distance athlete potentially provides a novel strategy to augment performance. Mechanisms that underpin a PAP response, relating to acute adjustments within the neuromuscular system, should theoretically improve middle- and long-distance performance via improvements in sub-maximal force-generating ability. Attempts to enhance middle- and long-distance related outcomes using a LCA have been used in several recent studies. Results suggest benefits to performance may exist in well-trained middle- and long-distance athletes by including high-intensity resistance training (1-5 repetition maximum) or adding load to the sport skill itself during the latter part of warm-ups. Early stages of performance appear to benefit most, and it is likely that recovery (5-10 min) also plays an important role following a LCA. Future research should consider how priming activity, designed to enhance the V[Combining Dot Above]O2 kinetic response, and a LCA may interact to affect performance, and how different LCA’s might benefit various modes and durations of middle- and long-distance exercise.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: endurance, post-activation potentiation, warm-up, priming, pre-activation
Subjects: C600 Sports Science
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2018 10:15
Last Modified: 15 Mar 2018 11:12
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/33749

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