Visualising urban energy use: the use of LiDAR and remote sensing data in urban energy planning

Dawood, Nashwan, Dawood, Huda, Rodriguez-Trejo, Sergio and Crilly, Michael (2017) Visualising urban energy use: the use of LiDAR and remote sensing data in urban energy planning. Visualization in Engineering, 5 (22). ISSN 2213-7459

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Abstract

This paper explores the potential for using remotely sensed data from a combination of commercial and open-sources, to improve the functionality, accuracy of energy-use calculations and visualisation of carbon emissions. We present a study demonstrating the use of LiDAR (Light Detection And Ranging) data and aerial imagery for a mixed-use inner urban area within the North East of England and how this can improve the quality of input data for modelling standardised energy uses and carbon emissions. We explore the scope of possible input data for both (1) building geometry and (2) building physics models from these sources.

We explain the significance of improved data accuracy for the assessment of heat-loss parameters, orientation, and shading and renewable energy micro-generation. We also highlight the limitations around the sole use of remotely sensed data and how these concerns can be partially addressed through combinations with (1) open-source property data, such as age, occupancy, tenure and (2) existing stakeholder data sets, including building services and measured performance. We set out some of the technical challenges; addressed through data approximation (considering data quality and metadata protocols) and a combination of automated or manual processing; in the use, adaptation, and transferability of this data. We elucidate how the output can be visualised and be supported by many of industry-standard CAD, GIS, and BIM software applications hence, broadening the scope for realworld applications. We demonstrate the support of commercial interest and potential drawing evidence from primary market research regarding the principal applications, functionality, and output.

In summary, we conclude on the benefits in the use of remotely sensed data for improved accuracy in energy use and carbon emission calculations, the need for semantic integration of mixed data sources and the importance of
output visualisation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Remote sensing, LiDAR, Energy modelling, Urban planning
Subjects: K900 Others in Architecture, Building and Planning
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Architecture and Built Environment
Depositing User: Michael Crilly
Date Deposited: 16 Apr 2018 14:39
Last Modified: 05 May 2018 10:03
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/33978

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