Free-living gait characteristics in ageing and Parkinson’s disease: impact of environment and ambulatory bout length

Del Din, Silvia, Godfrey, Alan, Galna, Brook, Lord, Sue and Rochester, Lynn (2016) Free-living gait characteristics in ageing and Parkinson’s disease: impact of environment and ambulatory bout length. Journal of NeuroEngineering and Rehabilitation, 13 (1). p. 46. ISSN 1743-0003

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12984-016-0154-5

Abstract

Background - Gait is emerging as a powerful diagnostic and prognostic tool, and as a surrogate marker of disease progression for Parkinson’s disease (PD). Accelerometer-based body worn monitors (BWMs) facilitate the measurement of gait in clinical environments. Moreover they have the potential to provide a more accurate reflection of gait in the home during habitual behaviours. Emerging research suggests that measurement of gait using BWMs is feasible but this has not been investigated in depth. The aims of this study were to explore (i) the impact of environment and (ii) ambulatory bout (AB) length on gait characteristics for discriminating between people with PD and age-matched controls.

Methods - Fourteen clinically relevant gait characteristics organised in five domains (pace, variability, rhythm, asymmetry, postural control) were quantified using laboratory based and free-living data collected over 7 days using a BWM placed on the lower back in 47 PD participants and 50 controls.

Results - Free-living data showed that both groups walked with decreased pace and increased variability, rhythm and asymmetry compared to walking in the laboratory setting. Four of the 14 gait characteristics measured in free-living conditions were significantly different between controls and people with PD compared to two measured in the laboratory. Between group differences depended on bout length and were more apparent during longer ABs. ABs ≤ 10s did not discriminate between groups. Medium to long ABs highlighted between-group significant differences for pace, rhythm and asymmetry. Longer ABs should therefore be taken into account when evaluating gait characteristics in free-living conditions.

Conclusion -This study provides encouraging results to support the use of a single BWM for free-living gait evaluation in people with PD with potential for research and clinical application.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Parkinson’s disease, Gait, Body worn monitor, Accelerometer, Free-living data, Ambulatory activity
Subjects: B900 Others in Subjects allied to Medicine
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Computer and Information Sciences
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 20 Apr 2018 14:27
Last Modified: 20 Apr 2018 14:30
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/34058

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