Scores Obtained from a Simple Cognitive Test of Visuospatial Episodic Memory Performed Decades before Death Are Associated with the Ultimate Presence of Alzheimer Disease Pathology

Robinson, Andrew C., McNamee, Roseanne, Davidson, Yvonne S., Horan, Michael A., Snowden, Julie S., Mcinnes, Lynn, Pendleton, Neil and Mann, David M. A. (2018) Scores Obtained from a Simple Cognitive Test of Visuospatial Episodic Memory Performed Decades before Death Are Associated with the Ultimate Presence of Alzheimer Disease Pathology. Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders, 2018 (45). pp. 79-90. ISSN 1420-8008

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Abstract

Background: Community- or population-based longitudinal studies of cognitive ability with a brain donation end point offer an opportunity to examine relationships between pathology and cognitive state prior to death. Discriminating the earliest signs of dementing disorders, such as Alzheimer disease (AD), is necessary to undertake early interventions and treatments.

Methods: The neuropathological profile of brains donated from The University of Manchester Longitudinal Study of Cognition in Normal Healthy Old Age, including CERAD (Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer’s Disease) and Braak stage, was assessed by immunohistochemistry. Cognitive test scores collected 20 years prior to death were correlated with the extent of AD pathology present at death.

Results: Baseline scores from the Memory Circle test had the ability to distinguish between individuals who developed substantial AD pathology and those with no, or low, AD pathology. Predicted test scores at the age of 65 years also discriminated between these pathology groups. The addition of APOE genotype further improved the discriminatory ability of the model.

Conclusions: The results raise the possibility of identifying individuals at future risk of the neuropathological changes associated with AD over 20 years before death using a simple cognitive test. This work may facilitate early interventions, therapeutics and treatments for AD by identifying at-risk and minimally affected (in pathological terms) individuals.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Alzheimer disease, Preclinical Alzheimer disease, Cognitive testing, Neuropsychology, Neuropathology
Subjects: B900 Others in Subjects allied to Medicine
C800 Psychology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: Lynn Mcinnes
Date Deposited: 08 May 2018 11:22
Last Modified: 08 May 2018 14:32
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/34103

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