The far reach of ice-shelf thinning in Antarctica

Reese, R., Gudmundsson, Hilmar, Levermann, A. and Winkelmann, R. (2018) The far reach of ice-shelf thinning in Antarctica. Nature Climate Change, 8 (1). pp. 53-57. ISSN 1758-678X

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1038/s41558-017-0020-x

Abstract

Floating ice shelves, which fringe most of Antarctica’s coastline, regulate ice flow into the Southern Ocean1,2,3. Their thinning4,5,6,7 or disintegration8,9 can cause upstream acceleration of grounded ice and raise global sea levels. So far the effect has not been quantified in a comprehensive and spatially explicit manner. Here, using a finite-element model, we diagnose the immediate, continent-wide flux response to different spatial patterns of ice-shelf mass loss. We show that highly localized ice-shelf thinning can reach across the entire shelf and accelerate ice flow in regions far from the initial perturbation. As an example, this ‘tele-buttressing’ enhances outflow from Bindschadler Ice Stream in response to thinning near Ross Island more than 900 km away. We further find that the integrated flux response across all grounding lines is highly dependent on the location of imposed changes: the strongest response is caused not only near ice streams and ice rises, but also by thinning, for instance, well-within the Filchner–Ronne and Ross Ice Shelves. The most critical regions in all major ice shelves are often located in regions easily accessible to the intrusion of warm ocean waters10,11,12, stressing Antarctica’s vulnerability to changes in its surrounding ocean.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Climate and Earth system modelling, Climate change, Cryospheric science
Subjects: F800 Physical and Terrestrial Geographical and Environmental Sciences
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Geography and Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 01 Jun 2018 14:32
Last Modified: 10 Oct 2019 16:19
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/34450

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