Outcomes of lung transplantation in adults with bronchiectasis

Birch, Jodie, Sunny, Syba, Hester, Katy, Parry, Gareth, Gould, F. Kate, Dark, John, Clark, Stephen, Meachery, Gerard, Lordan, James, Fisher, Andrew, Corris, Paul and De Soyza, Anthony (2018) Outcomes of lung transplantation in adults with bronchiectasis. BMC Pulmonary Medicine, 18. ISSN 1471-2466

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s12890-018-0634-4

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Lung transplantation is a well-established treatment for end-stage non-cystic fibrosis bronchiectasis (BR), though information regarding outcomes of transplantation remains limited. Our results of lung transplantation for Br are reported here.

METHODS: A retrospective review of case notes and transplantation databases was conducted for patients that had underwent lung transplantation for bronchiectasis at the Freeman Hospital between 1990 and 2013.

RESULTS: Fourty two BR patients underwent lung transplantation, the majority (39) having bilateral sequential lung transplantation. Mean age at transplantation was 47.1 years. Pre-transplantation osteoporosis was a significant non-pulmonary morbidity (48%). Polymicrobial infection was common, with Pseudomonas aeruginosa infection frequently but not universally observed (67%). Forced expiratory volume in 1 second (% predicted) improved from a pre-transplantation mean of 0.71 L (22% predicted) to 2.56 L (79 % predicted) at 1-year post-transplantation. Our survival results were 74% at 1 year, 64% at 3 years, 61% at 5 years and 48% at 10 years. Sepsis was a common cause of early post-transplantation deaths.

CONCLUSIONS: Lung transplantation for end-stage BR is a useful therapeutic option, with good survival and lung function outcomes. Survival values were similar to other bilateral lung transplants at our centre. Pre-transplantation Pseudomonas infection is common.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Transplantation, Bronchiectasis, Pseudomonas
Subjects: A300 Clinical Medicine
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: Paul Burns
Date Deposited: 04 Jun 2018 10:14
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2018 14:01
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/34459

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