A Revised Dendritic Cell Algorithm Using K-Means Clustering

Nnko, Noe, Yang, Longzhi, Qu, Yanpeng and Chao, Fei (2018) A Revised Dendritic Cell Algorithm Using K-Means Clustering. In: 4th IEEE International Conference on Data Science and Systems (DSS-2018), 28-30 June 2018, Exeter.

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Abstract

The most daunting and challenging task in intrusion detection is to distinguishing between normal and malicious traffics effectively. In order to complete such a task, the biological danger theory has appeared to be one of the most appealing immunological models which has been converted to a computer science algorithm, named as Dendritic Cell Algorithm (DCA). To perform a binary classification, the DCA goes through four phases, preprocessing, detection, context assessment and classification. In particular, the context assessment phase is performed by comparing the signal concentration values between mature (i.e., abnormality) and semi-mature (i.e., normality) contexts. The conventional DCA requires a crisp separation between semimature and mature cumulative context values. This can be hard if the difference between the two contexts is marginal, which negatively affects the classification accuracy. In addition, it is technically difficult to quantify the actual meaning of semimature and mature in the DCA. This paper proposes an approach that integrates the K-Means clustering algorithm to the DCA to map the DCA cumulative semi-mature and mature context values into semi-mature (normal) and mature (anomaly) clusters in order to improve the classification accuracy. The KDD99 data
set was utilized in this work for system validation and evaluation, and the experimental results revealed an improvement in the classification accuracy by the proposed approach.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Subjects: G400 Computer Science
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Computer and Information Sciences
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 13 Jun 2018 10:31
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2019 17:33
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/34518

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