An investigation into the formation of N- [2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]acridine-4-carboxamide (DACA) and 6-[2-(dimethylamino)ethylamino]- 3-hydroxy-7H-indeno[2, 1-C]quinolin-7-one dihydrochloride (TAS-103) stabilised DNA topoisomerase I and II cleavable complexes in human leukaemia cells

Padget, Kay, Stewart, Alistair, Charlton, Peter, Tilby, Michael and Austin, Caroline (2000) An investigation into the formation of N- [2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]acridine-4-carboxamide (DACA) and 6-[2-(dimethylamino)ethylamino]- 3-hydroxy-7H-indeno[2, 1-C]quinolin-7-one dihydrochloride (TAS-103) stabilised DNA topoisomerase I and II cleavable complexes in human leukaemia cells. Biochemical Pharmacology, 60 (6). pp. 817-21. ISSN 0006-2952

Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/S0006-2952(00)00402-0

Abstract

The antitumour agents DACA (XR5000; N-[2-(dimethylamino)ethyl]acridine-4-carboxamide) and TAS-103 (6-[2-(dimethylamino)ethylamino]-3-hydroxy-7H-indeno[2, 1-c]quinolin-7-one dihydrochloride) have been shown to inhibit two essential nuclear enzymes in vitro, DNA topoisomerase I and DNA topoisomerase (topo) II. To examine whether DACA or TAS-103 stabilise topo I, topo IIalpha, and topo IIbeta cleavable complexes in human leukaemia CCRF-CEM cells, the TARDIS assay (trapped in agarose DNA immunostaining) was used. This assay can reveal drug-stabilised topo-DNA complexes formed in situ in individual cells. The results showed that both DACA and TAS-103 can stabilise topo IIalpha cleavable complexes in these cells. Topo IIbeta cleavable complexes were also formed, but only at high concentrations of DACA and TAS-103. The effect on topo I was less clear, with TAS-103 showing only low levels of cleavable complex formation and DACA having no detectable effect under these assay conditions. This is in contrast to the purified enzyme cleavable complex assay, where both DACA and TAS-103 poisoned topo I. Although both DACA and TAS-103 show a preference for topo IIalpha in whole cells using the TARDIS assay, the formation of low levels of topo I or topo IIbeta cleavable complexes may still play a role in cell death.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: TARDIS assay, topoisomerase I, topoisomerase II, DACA, TAS-103, cleavable complexes
Subjects: B200 Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmacy
C700 Molecular Biology, Biophysics and Biochemistry
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: Kay Padget
Date Deposited: 09 Jul 2018 15:15
Last Modified: 09 Jul 2018 15:15
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/34543

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics


Policies: NRL Policies | NRL University Deposit Policy | NRL Deposit Licence