Reality monitoring performance and the role of visual imagery in visual hallucinations

Aynsworth, Charlotte, Nemat, Nazik, Collerton, Daniel, Smailes, David and Dudley, Robert (2017) Reality monitoring performance and the role of visual imagery in visual hallucinations. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 97. pp. 115-122. ISSN 0005-7967

Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.brat.2017.07.012

Abstract

Background
Auditory Hallucinations may arise from people confusing their own inner speech with external spoken speech. People with visual hallucinations (VH) may similarly confuse vivid mental imagery with external events. This paper reports two experiments exploring confusion between internal and external visual material.

Method
Experiment 1 examined reality monitoring in people with psychosis; those with visual hallucinations (n = 16) and those without (n = 15). Experiment 2 used two non-clinical groups of people with high or low predisposition to VH (HVH, n = 26, LVH, n = 21). All participants completed the same reality monitoring task. Participants in Experiment 2 also completed measures of imagery.

Results
Psychosis patients with VH demonstrated biased reality monitoring, where they misremembered items that had been presented as words as having been presented as pictures. Patients without VH did not show this bias. In Experiment 2, the HVH group demonstrated the same bias in reality monitoring that psychosis patients with VH had shown. The LVH group did not show this bias. In addition, the HVH group reported more vivid imagery and particularly more negative imagery.

Conclusions
Both studies found that people with visual hallucinations or prone-ness to such experiences confused their inner visual experiences with external images. Vivid imagery was also related to proneness to VH. Hence, vivid imagery and reality monitoring confusion could be contributory factors to understanding VH.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Visual Hallucinations; Reality Monitoring; Mental Imagery; Psychosis
Subjects: C800 Psychology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: Paul Burns
Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2018 15:07
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2019 20:15
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/34579

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