Co-morbidity of malnutrition with falciparum malaria parasitaemia among children under the aged 6–59 months in Somalia: a geostatistical analysis

Kinyoki, Damaris, Moloney, Grainne, Uthman, Olalekan, Odundo, Elijah, Kandala, Ngianga-Bakwin, Noor, Abdisalan, Snow, Robert and Berkley, James (2018) Co-morbidity of malnutrition with falciparum malaria parasitaemia among children under the aged 6–59 months in Somalia: a geostatistical analysis. Infectious Diseases of Poverty, 7 (1). p. 72. ISSN 2049-9957

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/s40249-018-0449-9

Abstract

Background
Malnutrition and malaria are both significant causes of morbidity and mortality in African children. However, the extent of their spatial comorbidity remains unexplored and an understanding of their spatial correlation structure would inform improvement of integrated interventions. We aimed to determine the spatial correlation between both wasting and low mid upper arm circumference (MUAC) and falciparum malaria among Somalian children aged 6–59 months.

Methods
Data were from 49 227 children living in 888 villages between 2007 to 2010. We developed a Bayesian geostatistical shared component model in order to determine the common spatial distributions of wasting and falciparum malaria; and low-MUAC and falciparum malaria at 1 × 1 km spatial resolution.

Results
The empirical correlations with malaria were 0.16 and 0.23 for wasting and low-MUAC respectively. Shared spatial residual effects were statistically significant for both wasting and low-MUAC. The posterior spatial relative risk was highest for low-MUAC and malaria (range: 0.19 to 5.40) and relatively lower between wasting and malaria (range: 0.11 to 3.55). Hotspots for both wasting and low-MUAC with malaria occurred in the South Central region in Somalia.

Conclusions
The findings demonstrate a relationship between nutritional status and falciparum malaria parasitaemia, and support the use of the relatively simpler MUAC measurement in surveys. Shared spatial distribution and distinct hotspots present opportunities for targeted seasonal chemoprophylaxis and other forms of malaria prevention integrated within nutrition programmes.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Malnutrition, Wasting, Low-MUAC, Malaria, Comorbidity, Somalia
Subjects: B900 Others in Subjects allied to Medicine
G300 Statistics
L700 Human and Social Geography
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Paul Burns
Date Deposited: 11 Jul 2018 11:16
Last Modified: 28 Feb 2019 16:46
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/34928

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