Frankia irregularis sp. nov., an actinobacterium unable to nodulate its original host, Casuarina equisetifolia, but effectively nodulates members of the actinorhizal Rhamnales

Nouioui, Imen, Ghodhbane-Gtari, Faten, Rhode, Manfred, Sangal, Vartul, Klenk, Hans-Peter and Gtari, Maher (2018) Frankia irregularis sp. nov., an actinobacterium unable to nodulate its original host, Casuarina equisetifolia, but effectively nodulates members of the actinorhizal Rhamnales. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 68. pp. 2883-2914. ISSN 1466-5026

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1099/ijsem.0.002914

Abstract

A red pigmented actinobacterium designated G2T, forming extremely branched vegetative hyphae, vesicles and mutilocular sporangia, was isolated from Casuarina equisetifolia nodules. The strain failed to nodulate its original host plant but effectively nodulated members of actinorhizal Rhamnales. The taxonomic position of G2T was determined using a polyphasic approach. The peptidoglycan of the strain contained meso-diaminopimelic acid as diagnostic diamino acid, galactose, glucose, mannose, rhamnose, ribose and xylose. The polar lipid pattern consisted of phosphatidylinositol (PI), diphosphatidylglycerol (DPG), glycophospholipids (GPL1–2), phosphatidylglycerol (PG), aminophospholipid (APL) and unknown lipids (L). The predominant menaquinones were MK-9 (H4) and MK-9 (H6) while the major fatty acids were iso-C16 : 0, C17 : 1ω8c and C15 : 0. The size of the genome of G2T was 9.5 Mb and digital DNA G+C content was 70.9 %. The 16S rRNA gene showed 97.4–99.5 % sequence identity with the type strains of species of the genus Frankia . Digital DNA –DNA hybridisation (dDDH) values between G2T and its nearest phylogenetic neighbours Frankia elaeagni and Frankia discariae were below the threshold of 70 %. On the basis of these results, strain G2T (=DSM 45899T=CECT 9038T) is proposed to represent the type strain of a novel species Frankia irregularis sp. nov.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: symbiosis, polyphasic taxonomy, Frankia
Subjects: C500 Microbiology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 23 Jul 2018 11:26
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2019 09:51
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/35083

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