Functional requirements for component films in a solar thin film photovoltaic/thermal panel

Johnston, David (2010) Functional requirements for component films in a solar thin film photovoltaic/thermal panel. Solar Energy, 84 (3). pp. 384-389. ISSN 0038-092X

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.solener.2009.12.001

Abstract

The functional requirements of the component films of a solar thin-film photovoltaic/thermal panel were considered. Particular emphasis was placed on the new functions, that each layer is required to perform, in addition to their pre-existing functions. The cut-off wavelength of the window layer, required for solar selectivity, can be achieved with charge carrier concentrations typical of photovoltaic devices, and thus does not compromise electrical efficiency. The upper (semiconductor) absorber layer has a sufficiently high thermal conductivity that there is negligible temperature difference across the film, and thus negligible loss in thermal performance. The lower (cermet) absorber layer can be fabricated with a high ceramic content, to maintain high solar selectivity, without significant increase in electrical resistance. A thin layer of molybdenum-based cermet at the top of this layer can provide an Ohmic contact to the upper absorber layer. A layer of aluminium nitride between the metal substrate and the back metal contact can provide electrical isolation to avoid short-circuiting of series-connected cells, while maintaining a thermal path to the metal substrate and heat extraction systems. Potential problems of differential contraction of heated films and substrates were identified, with a recommendation that fabrication processes, which avoid heating, are preferable.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: thin film,photovoltaic,thermal,selective,absorber
Subjects: H800 Chemical, Process and Energy Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Deposited: 04 Mar 2010 09:41
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2015 11:23
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/3519

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