Preparation and evaluation of a highly stable palladium yttrium platinum core–shell–shell structure catalyst for oxygen reduction reactions

Liu, Xiaoteng, Yu, Eileen and Scott, Keith (2015) Preparation and evaluation of a highly stable palladium yttrium platinum core–shell–shell structure catalyst for oxygen reduction reactions. Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 162. pp. 593-601. ISSN 0926-3373

Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2014.07.038

Abstract

A core–shell–shell structure Pd–Y–Pt/C catalyst was prepared using a controlled surface reaction method. The structure was confirmed by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) techniques. Nano-scale yttrium was formed as a shell located as the middle layer of the catalyst. Electrochemical evaluation of the Pd–Y–Pt/C with less than 7% of Pt showed an improved performance toward oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) compared to Pt/C (20 wt.% Pt). Accelerated degradation tests (ADT) indicated that the addition of Y improved catalyst stability compared to Pt/C and Pd–Pt/C core–shell catalysts under various experimental conditions. This was due to the Y middle layer created approximate half-filled metal–metal d bond between Pt (or Pd) and Y. This catalyst utilized the core–shell–shell structure to minimize the Pt usage, and Y middle shell to improve stability.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Fuel cell, Catalyst, Durability, Core–shell–shell structure, Oxygen reduction reaction
Subjects: F100 Chemistry
H800 Chemical, Process and Energy Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mechanical and Construction Engineering
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2018 11:31
Last Modified: 13 Aug 2018 11:31
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/35287

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