First Study on the Effects of Interfacial Curvature and Additive Interfacial Density on Heterogeneous Nucleation. Ice Crystallization in Oil-in-Water Emulsions and Nanoemulsions with Added 1-Heptacosanol

Jamieson, Matthew, Nicholson, Kate and Cooper, Sharon (2005) First Study on the Effects of Interfacial Curvature and Additive Interfacial Density on Heterogeneous Nucleation. Ice Crystallization in Oil-in-Water Emulsions and Nanoemulsions with Added 1-Heptacosanol. Crystal Growth & Design, 5 (2). pp. 451-459. ISSN 1528-7483

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/cg0498094

Abstract

Extended classical nucleation theory predicts that heterogeneous crystallization on a convex substrate will be less efficient than for the planar case. In this article, we present the first systematic study of the effects of interfacial curvature on crystallization. Decane-in-water nanoemulsions and emulsions have been prepared with droplet sizes of ∼67 nm, ∼280 nm, and ∼1.9 μm, which are stabilized by the passive nonionic surfactant, Brij 30. Ice nucleation is induced at the curved decane−water interface by 1-heptacosanol, which can cause ice formation at temperatures as high as −4.5 to −7 °C at the corresponding planar interface. Differential scanning calorimetry and optical microscopy data show that the ∼280 nm and ∼1.9 μm droplet systems induce ice formation at temperatures up to −8 ± 2 to −9 ± 2 °C, for 1-heptacosanol interfacial concentrations of ∼2−8% and ∼4−11%, respectively. In comparison, ice nucleation only occurs at temperatures up to −13 ± 2 °C in the ∼67 nm droplets, which have higher interfacial 1-heptacosanol concentrations of between ∼9 and 21%. The extended classical nucleation theory is insufficient to explain the extent of the reduced nucleating ability in the ∼67 nm nanoemulsions, and so we propose that the nucleating ability of 1-heptacosanol is also reduced as the interfacial curvature increases.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: F100 Chemistry
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 03 Sep 2018 14:40
Last Modified: 03 Sep 2018 14:40
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/35566

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