Safety and efficacy of a 6-month home-based exercise program in patients with facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy

Bankolé, Landry-Cyrille, Millet, Guillaume, Temesi, John, Bachasson, Damien, Ravelojaona, Marion, Wuyam, Bernard, Verges, Samuel, Ponsot, Elodie, Antoine, Jean-Christophe, Kadi, Fawzi and Féasson, Léonard (2016) Safety and efficacy of a 6-month home-based exercise program in patients with facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy. Medicine, 95 (31). e4497. ISSN 0025-7974

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/MD.0000000000004497

Abstract

Background: Previous randomized controlled trials investigating exercise training programs in facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy (FSHD) patients are scarce and of short duration only. This study assessed the safety and efficacy of a 6-month home-based exercise training program on fitness, muscle, and motor function in FSHD patients. Methods: Sixteen FSHD patients were randomly assigned to training (TG) and control (CG) groups (both n = 8) in a home-based exercise intervention. Training consisted of cycling 3 times weekly for 35 minutes (combination of strength, high-intensity interval, and low-intensity aerobic) at home for 24 weeks. Patients in CG also performed an identical training program (CTG) after 24 weeks. The primary outcome was change in peak oxygen uptake (VO 2 peak) measured every 6 weeks. The principal secondary outcomes were maximal quadriceps strength (MVC) and local quadriceps endurance every 12 weeks. Other outcome measures included maximal aerobic power (MAP) and experienced fatigue every 6 weeks, 6-minute walking distance every 12 weeks, and muscle characteristics from vastus lateralis biopsies taken pre- and postintervention. Results: The compliance rate was 91% in TG. Significant improvements with training were observed in the VO 2 peak (+19%, P = 0.002) and MAP by week 6 and further to week 24. Muscle endurance, MVC, and 6-minute walking distance increased and experienced fatigue decreased. Muscle fiber cross-sectional area and citrate synthase activity increased by 34% (P = 0.008) and 46% (P = 0.003), respectively. Dystrophic pathophysiologic patterns were not exacerbated. Similar improvements were experienced by TG and CTG. Conclusions: A combined strength and interval cycling exercise-training program compatible with patients' daily professional and social activities leads to significant functional benefits without compromising muscle tissue.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: combined strength and endurance training, exercise training, facioscapulohumeral muscular dystrophy, home-based, myopathy, randomized controlled trial
Subjects: B900 Others in Subjects allied to Medicine
C600 Sports Science
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Paul Burns
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2018 16:36
Last Modified: 23 Jan 2019 15:45
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/35706

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