Age estimation by assessment of pulp chamber volume: a Bayesian network for the evaluation of dental evidence

Sironi, Emanuele, Taroni, Franco, Baldinotti, Claudio, Nardi, Cosimo, Norelli, Gian-Aristide, Gallidabino, Matteo and Pinchi, Vilma (2018) Age estimation by assessment of pulp chamber volume: a Bayesian network for the evaluation of dental evidence. International Journal of Legal Medicine, 132 (4). pp. 1125-1138. ISSN 0937-9827

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00414-017-1733-0

Abstract

Purpose
The present study aimed to investigate the performance of a Bayesian method in the evaluation of dental age-related evidence collected by means of a geometrical approximation procedure of the pulp chamber volume. Measurement of this volume was based on three-dimensional cone beam computed tomography images.

Methods
The Bayesian method was applied by means of a probabilistic graphical model, namely a Bayesian network. Performance of that method was investigated in terms of accuracy and bias of the decisional outcomes. Influence of an informed elicitation of the prior belief of chronological age was also studied by means of a sensitivity analysis.

Results
Outcomes in terms of accuracy were adequate with standard requirements for forensic adult age estimation. Findings also indicated that the Bayesian method does not show a particular tendency towards under- or overestimation of the age variable. Outcomes of the sensitivity analysis showed that results on estimation are improved with a ration elicitation of the prior probabilities of age.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Forensic age estimation, Adult age estimation, Bayesian approach, Bayesian networks, Pulp chamber volume narrowing, Secondary dentine deposition
Subjects: F400 Forensic and Archaeological Science
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2018 07:46
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2018 09:15
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/35845

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