Suspect screening of halogenated carboxylic acids in drinking water using ion exchange chromatography – high resolution (Orbitrap) mass spectrometry (IC-HRMS)

Gallidabino, Matteo, Hamdan, Laurence, Murphy, Bronagh and Barron, Leon (2018) Suspect screening of halogenated carboxylic acids in drinking water using ion exchange chromatography – high resolution (Orbitrap) mass spectrometry (IC-HRMS). Talanta, 178. pp. 57-68. ISSN 0039-9140

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Retrospective in silico screening of analytical data for the identification of new or emerging disinfection by-products in drinking waters could be useful to assess quality and potential hazards, as well as help implement mitigation procedures more rapidly. Herein, the first study coupling ion exchange chromatography (IC) with high resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) for the determination of halogenated carboxylic acid disinfectant by-products is reported. Separation was achieved using a Metrohm A Supp 5 column and a Na2CO3/NaHCO3 gradient eluent from 1/0.31 to 10/3.1 mM. A variety of solid phase extraction (SPE) sorbents were tested for added selectivity to organic ions and Isolute ENV+ cartridges were selected because of their best overall extraction performance. Method LODs were in the μg L−1 concentration range, with R2 ≥ 0.99 for all the analytes, and isobaric ions could be easily discriminated using HRMS. The method was applied to municipal drinking water. Targeted quantitative analysis revealed the presence of 10 haloacetic acids at levels not exceeding the limits set by WHO and USEPA. Furthermore, suspect screening for additional halogenated carboxylic acids via retrospective HRMS data analysis also indicated the presence of other iodinated HAAs and chlorinated propionic acids, of which one (i.e. monochloropropionic acid) is discussed here for the first time. Most importantly, several potential suspects could be eliminated from further consideration through HRMS data analysis alone. To our knowledge, this represents the first time that a retrospective IC-HRMS screen of halogenated carboxylic acids in drinking water has been reported.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Haloacetic acids, Disinfectant by-products, Suspect screening, Ion chromatography, High resolution accurate mass spectrometry, Water quality
Subjects: F100 Chemistry
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 21 Sep 2018 09:09
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2018 12:31

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