Priming sentence production in adolescents and adults with attention-deficit/hyper-activity disorder

Engelhardt, Paul, Ferreira, Fernanda and Nigg, Joel T. (2009) Priming sentence production in adolescents and adults with attention-deficit/hyper-activity disorder. Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, 37 (7). pp. 995-1006. ISSN 0091-0627

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10802-009-9323-3

Abstract

Theoretical accounts of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) posit a prominent role for problems in response inhibition (Nigg 2006). A key avenue for impulsivity in children with ADHD is inappropriate language expression. In this study, we sought to determine whether poor inhibitory control affects language production in adolescents and adults with ADHD. One hundred and ninety-five participants (13-35 years old; 65% male) were presented with two pictures and a verb, and their task was to form a sentence. If deficits in response inhibition affect language production, then participants with ADHD should be more likely than non-ADHD controls to begin speaking before having formulated a plan that will allow a grammatical continuation. The results showed that the ADHD-combined subtype, in particular, was more likely to produce an ungrammatical sequence. Effects were not moderated by age or gender. These data suggest that response suppression deficits in ADHD adversely affect the basic processes of sentence formation.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ADHD, language production, response inhibition, conceptual accessibility, grammatical encoding
Subjects: C800 Psychology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > School of Life Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: EPrints Services
Date Deposited: 28 Feb 2011 16:50
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2015 11:44
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/3612

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