Hybrid neural network analysis of short-term financial shares trading

Turkedjiev, Emil (2017) Hybrid neural network analysis of short-term financial shares trading. Doctoral thesis, Northumbria University.

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Abstract

Recent advances in machine intelligence, particularly Artificial Neural Networks (ANNs) and Particle Swarm Optimisation (PSO), have introduced conceptually advanced technologies that can be utilised for financial market share trading analysis.

The primary goal of the present research is to model short-term daily trading in Financial Times Stock Exchange 100 Index (FTSE 100) shares to make forecasts with certain levels of confidence and associated risk. The hypothesis to be tested is that financial shares time series contain significant non-linearity and that ANN, either separately or in conjunction with PSO, could be utilised effectively. Validation of the proposed model shows that nonlinear models are likely to be better choices than traditional linear regression for short-term trading. Some periodicity and trend lines were apparent in short- and long-term trading. Experiments showed that a model using an ANN with the Discrete Fourier Transform (DFT) and Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) model features performed significantly better than analysis in the time domain.

Mathematical analysis of the PSO algorithm from a systemic point of view along with stability analysis was performed to determine the choice of parameters, and a possible proportional, integral and derivative (PID) algorithm extension was recommended. The proposed extension was found to perform better than traditional PSO. Furthermore, a chaotic local search operator and exponentially varying inertia weight factor algorithm considering constraints were proposed that gave better ability to converge to a high quality solution without oscillations. A hybrid example combining an ANN with the PSO forecasting regression model significantly outperformed the original ANN and PSO approaches in accuracy and computational complexity.

The evaluation of statistical confidence for the models gave good results, which is encouraging for further experimentation considering model cross-validation for generalisation to show how accurately the predictive models perform in practice.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Subjects: G900 Others in Mathematical and Computing Sciences
L100 Economics
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
University Services > Graduate School > Doctor of Philosophy
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 08 Oct 2018 11:24
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2018 10:00
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/36122

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