Intelligent ECG processing and abnormality detection using adaptive ensemble models

Pandit, Diptangshu (2017) Intelligent ECG processing and abnormality detection using adaptive ensemble models. Doctoral thesis, Northumbria University.

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Abstract

This thesis explores the automated Electrocardiogram (ECG) signal analysis and the feasibility of using a set of computationally inexpensive algorithms to process raw ECG signals for abnormality detection. The work is divided into three main stages which serve towards the main aim of this research, i.e. the abnormality detection from single channel raw ECG signals.

In the first stage, a lightweight baseline correction algorithm is proposed along with a modified moving window average method for real-time noise reduction. Additionally, for further offline analysis, a wavelet transform and adaptive thresholding based method is proposed for noise reduction to improve signal-to-noise ratio.

In the second stage, a sliding window based lightweight algorithm is proposed for real-time heartbeat detection on the raw ECG signals. It includes max-min curve and dynamic (adaptive) threshold generation, and error correction. The thresholds are adapted automatically. Moreover, a sliding window based search strategy is also proposed for real-time feature extraction.

Subsequently, a hybrid classifier is proposed, which embeds multiple ensemble methods, for abnormality classification in the final stage. It works as a meta classifier which generates multiple instances of base models to improve the overall classification accuracy. The proposed hybrid classifier is superior in performance, however, it is dedicated to offline processing owing to high computational complexity. Especially, the proposed hybrid classifier is also further extended to conduct novel class detection (i.e. unknown newly appeared abnormality types). A modified firefly algorithm is also proposed for parameter optimization to further improve the performance for novel class detection.

The overall proposed system is evaluated using benchmark ECG databases to prove its efficiency. To illustrate the advantage of each key component, the proposed feature extraction, classification and optimization algorithms are compared with diverse state-of-the-art techniques. The empirical results indicate that the proposed algorithms show great superiority over existing methods.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Subjects: G900 Others in Mathematical and Computing Sciences
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Computer and Information Sciences
University Services > Graduate School > Doctor of Philosophy
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 08 Oct 2018 14:20
Last Modified: 18 Feb 2019 12:30
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/36139

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