Multi-Body Integrated Vehicle-Occupant Models for Collision Mitigation and Vehicle Safety using Dynamics Control Systems

Elkady, Mustafa, Elmarakbi, Ahmed, MacIntyre, John and Al Hariri, Mohammad (2016) Multi-Body Integrated Vehicle-Occupant Models for Collision Mitigation and Vehicle Safety using Dynamics Control Systems. International Journal of System Dynamics Applications, 5 (2). pp. 80-122. ISSN 2160-9772

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.4018/IJSDA.2016040105

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to investigate the effect of vehicle dynamics control systems (VDCS) on both the collision of the vehicle body and the kinematic behaviour of the vehicle's occupant in case of offset frontal vehicle-to-vehicle collision. A unique 6-Degree-of-Freedom (6-DOF) vehicle dynamics/crash mathematical model and a simplified lumped mass occupant model are developed. The first model is used to define the vehicle body crash parameters and it integrates a vehicle dynamics model with a vehicle front-end structure model. The second model aims to predict the effect of VDCS on the kinematics of the occupant. It is shown from the numerical simulations that the vehicle dynamics/crash response and occupant behaviour can be captured and analysed quickly and accurately. Furthermore, it is shown that the VDCS can affect the crash characteristics positively and the occupant behaviour is improved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Collision mitigation, mathematical modelling, occupant kinematics, vehicle dynamics and control, vehicle transportation safety
Subjects: H300 Mechanical Engineering
H600 Electronic and Electrical Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mechanical and Construction Engineering
Depositing User: Paul Burns
Date Deposited: 09 Oct 2018 10:52
Last Modified: 19 Feb 2019 14:42
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/36175

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