Objective institutionalized barriers and subjective performance factors of new migrant entrepreneurs

Hagos, Sirak, Izak, Michal and Scott, Jonathan (2019) Objective institutionalized barriers and subjective performance factors of new migrant entrepreneurs. Entrepreneurship, Innovation and Strategy, 25 (5). pp. 842-858. ISSN 1355-2554

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1108/ijebr-06-2018-0405

Abstract

Purpose
This paper seeks to explain how the ‘objective’ institutionalized barriers (of which social, human, and financial capital are decisive factors) and the subjective performance of new migrant entrepreneurs jointly affect their business attitudes and observed behaviour.

Design/methodology/approach
The paper’s analysis of individualized performance factors (dependent on how ‘objective’ institutionalized barriers are subjectively construed) – in line with the Theory of Planned Behaviour (TPB) – enables a response to recent calls to embrace complexity and pluralism in entrepreneurship through applying social constructivist lenses. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 32 Eritrean entrepreneurs, and the empirical data was subjected to grounded theory analytical procedures and interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) theoretical coding.

Findings
Six core beliefs mitigated entrepreneurial attitudes independently from the objectivized institutionalized barriers: (1) know-how needs to be acquired formally; (2) available sources of financing are internal, and scarce; (3) market expertise is in the books, rather than in the market; (4) blending in the host country’s culture is uncalled for, and the resulting difficulty of operating in the ‘foreign’ market is a price worth paying; (5) risk is to be avoided at all cost; and (6) strong intra-communal bonds need not entail support for their business activity, rendering external contacts hardly necessary or trustworthy.

Originality/Value
The paper concludes with recommendations potentially informing policies and targeted interventions by highlighting that any policy intervention or an attempt at structural change of conditions in which new migrant entrepreneurship unfolds should consider entrepreneurs as ‘performing’ individuals, as well as representatives of wider cultural, economic and social dynamics relating to these ‘objective’ institutionalized barriers.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Social capital, Immigrants, Financing, Human capital
Subjects: N100 Business studies
Department: Faculties > Business and Law > Newcastle Business School
Depositing User: Paul Burns
Date Deposited: 24 Oct 2018 15:27
Last Modified: 19 Nov 2019 09:45
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/36421

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