IEEE 802.15.4 Frame Aggregation Enhancement to Provide High Performance in Life-Critical Patient Monitoring Systems

Akbar, Muhammad Sajjad, Yu, Hongnian and Cang, Shuang (2017) IEEE 802.15.4 Frame Aggregation Enhancement to Provide High Performance in Life-Critical Patient Monitoring Systems. Sensors, 17 (2). p. 241. ISSN 1424-8220

[img]
Preview
Text (Full text)
Akbar et al - IEEE 802 15 4 Frame Aggregation Enhancement OA.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution 4.0.

Download (896kB) | Preview
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/s17020241

Abstract

In wireless body area sensor networks (WBASNs), Quality of Service (QoS) provision for patient monitoring systems in terms of time-critical deadlines, high throughput and energy efficiency is a challenging task. The periodic data from these systems generates a large number of small packets in a short time period which needs an efficient channel access mechanism. The IEEE 802.15.4 standard is recommended for low power devices and widely used for many wireless sensor networks applications. It provides a hybrid channel access mechanism at the Media Access Control (MAC) layer which plays a key role in overall successful transmission in WBASNs. There are many WBASN’s MAC protocols that use this hybrid channel access mechanism in variety of sensor applications. However, these protocols are less efficient for patient monitoring systems where life critical data requires limited delay, high throughput and energy efficient communication simultaneously. To address these issues, this paper proposes a frame aggregation scheme by using the aggregated-MAC protocol data unit (A-MPDU) which works with the IEEE 802.15.4 MAC layer. To implement the scheme accurately, we develop a traffic patterns analysis mechanism to understand the requirements of the sensor nodes in patient monitoring systems, then model the channel access to find the performance gap on the basis of obtained requirements, finally propose the design based on the needs of patient monitoring systems. The mechanism is initially verified using numerical modelling and then simulation is conducted using NS2.29, Castalia 3.2 and OMNeT++. The proposed scheme provides the optimal performance considering the required QoS.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: patient monitoring systems;WBASN; QoS; IEEE 802.15.4; IEEE 802.15.6; frame aggregation; ECG; duty cycle; energy efficiency
Subjects: B800 Medical Technology
G400 Computer Science
Department: Faculties > Business and Law > Newcastle Business School
Depositing User: Paul Burns
Date Deposited: 03 Dec 2018 10:27
Last Modified: 19 Nov 2019 09:48
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/37018

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics