Enhancement of Vehicle/Roadside Hardware Crash: Dynamic Response of Child Occupant Involved in Vehicle/Pole Impact

Elmarakbi, Ahmed, Krznaric, Vid, Sennah, Khaled, Altenhof, William and Chapman, Michael (2011) Enhancement of Vehicle/Roadside Hardware Crash: Dynamic Response of Child Occupant Involved in Vehicle/Pole Impact. In: Volume 9: Transportation Systems; Safety Engineering, Risk Analysis and Reliability Methods; Applied Stochastic Optimization, Uncertainty and Probability. American Society of Mechanical Engineers, pp. 91-99. ISBN 978-0-7918-5495-2

Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1115/IMECE2011-65830

Abstract

This paper focuses on minimizing child injuries experienced during frontal vehicle-to-pole collisions by improving on the safety and energy absorption of existing traffic pole structures. A finite element computer model, using LS-DYNA software, is used to simulate crash events in order to determine the influence of pole structural and material characteristics on the injury parameters of a hybrid III 3-year-old child dummy occupant. Different pole support systems and laminar traffic poles of different materials are investigated in this paper. It is concluded that the anchored base support and the embedded pole in soil systems provide desirable crashworthy results, thus reducing fatalities and injuries resulting from vehicle impact. It is also recommended to mandate traffic protection devices in all areas with poor energy absorbing characteristics that resemble non-deformable objects.

Item Type: Book Section
Subjects: H300 Mechanical Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mechanical and Construction Engineering
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 18 Dec 2018 15:47
Last Modified: 18 Dec 2018 15:47
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/37336

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