A Pedometer-Based Physically Active Learning Intervention: The Importance of Using Preintervention Physical Activity Categories to Assess Effectiveness

Morris, Jade L., Daly-Smith, Andy, Defeyter, Margaret Anne (Greta), McKenna, Jim, Zwolinsky, Steve, Lloyd, Scott, Fothergill, Melissa and Graham, Pamela (2019) A Pedometer-Based Physically Active Learning Intervention: The Importance of Using Preintervention Physical Activity Categories to Assess Effectiveness. Pediatric Exercise Science. ISSN 0899-8493 (In Press)

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1123/pes.2018-0128

Abstract

Purpose: To assess physical activity outcomes of a pedometer-based physically active learning (PAL) intervention in primary school children.

Methods: Six paired schools were randomly allocated to either a 6-week teacher-led pedometer-based physically active learning intervention or a control (n = 154, female = 60%, age = 9.9 [0.3] y). Accelerometers assessed total daily sedentary time, light physical activity (LPA), and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA). Preintervention mean daily MVPA minutes grouped participants as Low Active (<45 min/d) and High Active (≥45 min/d).

Results: From the final sample size, the intervention (n = 52) significantly improved LPA versus control (n = 31, P = .04), by reducing sedentary time. More intervention (+10%) than control (+3%) pupils met the 60 minutes per day guidelines. In both intervention subgroups, pupils spent less time in LPA (P < .05) versus control. The greatest nonsignificant increase was found in the Low Active pupils MVPA levels.

Conclusions: Improvements in LPA were statistically significant in the intervention versus control group. In subgroup analysis, Low Active pupils in the intervention showed the greatest beneficial effects and the Most Active pupils may have replaced MVPA and sedentary time with LPA. The intervention group housed clusters of pupils showing variable responsiveness, justifying routine examination of subgroup variability in future studies.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: pediatrics, health behavior, sedentary behavior, moderate to vigorous
Subjects: C600 Sports Science
L900 Others in Social studies
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Social Work, Education and Community Wellbeing
Depositing User: Paul Burns
Date Deposited: 15 Jan 2019 12:38
Last Modified: 07 Feb 2019 12:00
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/37592

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