Caffeine improved cycling trial performance in mentally fatigued cyclists, regardless of alterations in prefrontal cortex activation

Franco-Alvarenga, Paulo Estevão, Brietzke, Cayque, Canestri, Raul, Goethel, Márcio, Hettinga, Florentina J., Santos, Tony Meireles and Pires, Flavio (2019) Caffeine improved cycling trial performance in mentally fatigued cyclists, regardless of alterations in prefrontal cortex activation. Physiology and Behavior, 204. pp. 41-48. ISSN 0031-9384

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.physbeh.2019.02.009

Abstract

Purpose: To verify whether caffeine (CAF) could increase the prefrontal cortex (PFC) activation
and improve 20 km cycling time trial (TT20km) performance in mentally fatigued cyclists. Methods:
After preliminary TT20km, twelve recreational cyclists (VO2MAX of 58.9 ± 6.2 mL∙kg∙min-1
)
performed a familiarization with a cognitive test to induce mental fatigue (MF) and psychological
scales. Thereafter, they performed: 2) a baseline TT20km; 3) a mentally fatigued TT20km (MF); 4 and
5) a mentally fatigued TT20km after CAF (MF+CAF) or placebo (MF+PLA) ingestion, in a doubleblind, counterbalanced design. Performance and psychological responses were obtained throughout
the TT20km, while PFC electroencephalography (EEG) theta wave was obtained before and after the
mental fatigue test. Results: The mental fatigue-induced increase in EEG theta wave (↑ ~ 4.8 %)
was reverted with CAF (↓ 8.8 %) and PLA ingestion (↓ 4.8 %). CAF improved TT20km performance
in mentally fatigued cyclists by reducing time (p = 0.00; ↓ ~1.7 %) and increasing WMEAN (p = 0.00;
↑ ~3.6%), when compared to MF+PLA. The RPE-power output ratio was lower (p = 0.01), but
affect (p = 0.018), motivation (p = 0.033) and emotional arousal (p = 0.001) were greater
throughout the TT20km in MF+CAF than in MF+PLA. Conclusions: CAF ingestion improved
TT20km performance and psychological responses in mentally fatigued cyclists, despite the unaltered
PFC activation.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: C600 Sports Science
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 08 Feb 2019 15:35
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2019 06:46
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/37915

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