Cardiac output measurement during exercise in COPD : A comparison of dye dilution and impedance cardiography

Louvaris, Zafeiris, Spetsioti, Stavroula, Andrianopoulos, Vasileios, Chynkiamis, Nikolaos, Habazettl, Helmut, Wagner, Harrieth, Zakynthinos, Spyros, Wagner, Peter and Vogiatzis, Ioannis (2019) Cardiac output measurement during exercise in COPD : A comparison of dye dilution and impedance cardiography. The Clinical Respiratory Journal, 13 (4). pp. 222-231. ISSN 1752-6981

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Clin Respir J 2019 Feb 5_doi_10.1111_crj.13002.pdf - Accepted Version
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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1111/crj.13002

Abstract

Introduction: Impedance cardiography (IC) derived from morphological analysis of the thoracic impedance signal is now commonly used for noninvasive assessment of cardiac output (CO) at rest and during exercise. However, in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD), conflicting findings put its accuracy into question. Objectives: We therefore compared concurrent CO measurements captured by IC (PhysioFlow: CO IC ) and by the indocyanine green dye dilution method (CO DD ) in patients with COPD. Methods: Fifty paired CO measurements were concurrently obtained using the two methods from 10 patients (FEV 1 : 50.5 ± 17.5% predicted) at rest and during cycling at 25%, 50%, 75% and 100% peak work rate. Results: From rest to peak exercise CO IC and CO DD were strongly correlated (r = 0.986, P < 0.001). The mean absolute and percentage differences between CO IC and CO DD were 1.08 L/min (limits of agreement (LoA): 0.05-2.11 L/min) and 18 ± 2%, respectively, with IC yielding systematically higher values. Bland-Altman analysis indicated that during exercise only 7 of the 50 paired measurements differed by more than 20%. When data were expressed as changes from rest, correlations and agreement between the two methods remained strong over the entire exercise range (r = 0.974, P < 0.001, with no significant difference: 0.19 L/min; LoA: −0.76 to 1.15 L/min). Oxygen uptake (VO 2 ) and CO DD were linearly related: r = 0.893 (P < 0.001), CO DD = 5.94 × VO 2 + 2.27 L/min. Similar results were obtained for VO 2 and CO IC (r = 0.885, P < 0.001, CO IC = 6.00 × VO 2 + 3.30 L/min). Conclusions: These findings suggest that IC provides an acceptable CO measurement from rest to peak cycling exercise in patients with COPD.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: central hemodynamics, exercise, lung diseases, noninvasive techniques, thoracic impedance
Subjects: B100 Anatomy, Physiology and Pathology
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 12 Feb 2019 12:10
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2019 08:04
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/37946

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