Mathematical modelling of a vehicle crash with emphasis on the dynamic response analysis of extendable cubic nonlinear dampers using the incremental harmonic balance method

Elmarakbi, Ahmed and Zu, Jean (2007) Mathematical modelling of a vehicle crash with emphasis on the dynamic response analysis of extendable cubic nonlinear dampers using the incremental harmonic balance method. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part D: Journal of Automobile Engineering, 221 (2). pp. 143-156. ISSN 0954-4070

Full text not available from this repository.
Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1243/09544070JAUTO296

Abstract

A new direction of crashworthiness improvement using a smart extendable front-end structure is introduced in this paper to support the function of the existing vehicle structure. The smart front-end structure consists of two extendable, independently controlled hydraulic cylinders (dampers) integrated with the front-end longitudinal members. The main objectives of the smart front-end structure are to find solutions of the trade-off problem faced by the designer for offset collision events and to mitigate full frontal collisions. The work carried out in this paper includes developing and analysing mathematical models of different vehicle crash scenarios, including vehicle-to-vehicle frontal collision in both full and offset events. In these models, vehicle components are modelled by lumped masses and cubic non-linear springs. The hydraulic cylinders are represented by cubic non-linear damper elements. In this paper, the dynamic responses of the crash events are obtained with the aid of an analytical approach using the incremental harmonic balance method. The intrusion injury as the maximum deformation of the front-end structure and the occupant deceleration injury are used for interpreting the results. It is demonstrated from simulation results that significant improvements to both intrusion and deceleration injuries are obtained using the smart front-end structures.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: full and offset frontal collision, extendable smart front-end structures, analytical analysis, incremental harmonic balance method
Subjects: H300 Mechanical Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mechanical and Construction Engineering
Depositing User: Paul Burns
Date Deposited: 15 Feb 2019 17:04
Last Modified: 15 Feb 2019 17:04
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/38049

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