Tracking and comparing self-determined motivation in elite youth soccer: Influence of developmental activities, age, and skill

Hendry, David, Williams, Andrew, Crocker, Peter and Hodges, Nicola (2019) Tracking and comparing self-determined motivation in elite youth soccer: Influence of developmental activities, age, and skill. Frontiers in Psychology, 10. p. 304. ISSN 1664-1078

[img] Text
Hendry Crocker Williams Ford (2019) Tracking and comparing self-determined motivaiton in elite youth soccer. Frontiers in Psychology.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (901kB) | Request a copy
[img]
Preview
Text
fpsyg-10-00304.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution 4.0.

Download (626kB) | Preview
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2019.00304

Abstract

Purpose: Our aim was to determine if self-determined motivation (SDM) in elite, men’s soccer changes over time and differs as a function of age, skill-grouping, and engagement in soccer play and practice. We tested predictions from the Developmental Model of Sport Participation (DMSP) regarding relations between practice and play and SDM among both elite and non-elite samples.

Methods: Elite youth soccer players in the United Kingdom (n = 31; from the Under 13/U13 and U15 years age groups) completed practice history and motivation questionnaires at time 1 (T1) and ∼2 years later (T2: now U15 and U17 years). Non-elite players (n = 32; from U15 and U17 years) completed the same questionnaires at T2 only.

Results: For the elite groups, global SDM decreased over time for the current U17 group (from U15), but no change was seen for the current U15 group (from U13). Age group differences at T2 mirrored these data, with U17 players showing lower global SDM and higher controlled motivation than U15 elites. The non-elite players did not show age group differences, but elites scored higher for global SDM and autonomous motivation than non-elites. The recent hours accumulated in practice negatively correlated with global SDM in elite and non-elite groups, but play was unrelated to measures of motivation.

Conclusion: Differences in SDM as a function of age and skill point toward the dynamic nature of these motivations over time, likely a result of proximity to external rewards related to professional status. Although high volumes of practice are related to lower global SDM in both skill groups, the absence of any relations between SDM and soccer play does not support a key prediction related to the DMSP.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: expertise, sports, talent identification, deliberate practice, play
Subjects: C600 Sports Science
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 01 Mar 2019 14:24
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2019 07:46
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/38260

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item

Downloads

Downloads per month over past year

View more statistics


Policies: NRL Policies | NRL University Deposit Policy | NRL Deposit Licence