Multiscale simulation of the interlaminar failure of graphene nanoplatelets reinforced fibers laminate composite materials

Basso, Matteo, Azoti, Wiyao, Elmarakbi, Hana and Elmarakbi, Ahmed (2019) Multiscale simulation of the interlaminar failure of graphene nanoplatelets reinforced fibers laminate composite materials. Journal of Applied Polymer Science, 136 (25). p. 47664. ISSN 0021-8995

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1002/app.47664

Abstract

This article presents a multiscale approach to derive the interlaminar properties of graphene nanoplatelets (GNPs)‐based polymeric composites reinforced by short glass fibers (SGFs) and unidirectional carbon fibers (UCFs). The approach accounts for the debonding at the interface of a 2‐phases GNPs/polymer matrix using a cohesive model. The resulting composite is used within a 3‐phases nanocomposite consisting either of a GNPs/polyamide/SGFs or a GNPs/epoxy/UCFs nanocomposite. Experiments are performed for determining the interlaminar fracture toughness in mode I for the GNPs/epoxy/UCFs. Results show that the aspect ratio (AR) of GNPs influences the effective Young modulus which increases until a threshold. Also, the addition of the GNPs increases up to 10% the transverse Young modulus and up to 11% the shear modulus as well as up to 16% the transverse tensile strength useful in crashworthiness performance. However, the nanocomposite behavior remains fiber dominant in the longitudinal direction. This leads to a weak variation of the mechanical properties in that direction. Due to the well‐known uniform dispersion issues of GNPs, the interlaminar fracture toughness GIC has decreased up to 8.5% for simulation and up to 2.4% for experiments while no significant variation of the interlaminar stress distribution is obtained compared to a nanocomposite without GNPs.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: composites, mechanical properties, theory and modeling
Subjects: F100 Chemistry
F200 Materials Science
Depositing User: Elena Carlaw
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2019 10:51
Last Modified: 25 Mar 2019 16:45
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/38343

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