Lattice-Boltzmann Simulations of Electrowetting Phenomena

Ruiz Gutierrez, Elfego and Ledesma Aguilar, Rodrigo (2019) Lattice-Boltzmann Simulations of Electrowetting Phenomena. Langmuir, 35 (14). pp. 4849-4859. ISSN 0743-7463

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1021/acs.langmuir.9b00098

Abstract

When a voltage difference is applied between a conducting liquid and a conducting (solid) electrode, the liquid is observed to spread on the solid. This phenomenon, generally referred to as electrowetting, underpins a number of interfacial phenomena of interest in applications that range from droplet microfluidics to optics. Here, we present a lattice-Boltzmann method that can simulate the coupled hydrodynamics and electrostatics equations of motion of a two-phase fluid as a means to model electrowetting phenomena. Our method has the advantage of modelling the electrostatic fields within the lattice-Boltzmann algorithm itself, eliminating the need for a hybrid method. We validate our method by reproducing the static equilibrium configuration of a droplet subject to an applied voltage and show that the apparent contact angle of the drop depends on the voltage following the Young-Lippmann equation up to contact angles of ≈ 50°. At higher voltages, we observe a saturation of the contact angle caused by the competition between electric and capillary stresses, similar to previous experimental observations. We also study the stability of a dielectric film trapped between a conducting fluid and a solid electrode and find a good agreement with analytical predictions based on lubrication theory. Finally, we investigate the film dynamics at long times and report observations of film breakup and entrapment similar to previously reported experimental results.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: F100 Chemistry
F300 Physics
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Paul Burns
Date Deposited: 15 Mar 2019 11:24
Last Modified: 12 Apr 2019 13:00
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/38412

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