Effect of time on biomechanics during exercise on the functional re-adaptive exercise device

Winnard, Andrew, Debuse, Dorothee, Wilkinson, Mick, Parmar, Arran, Schuren, Thomas and Caplan, Nick (2019) Effect of time on biomechanics during exercise on the functional re-adaptive exercise device. Journal of Sports Sciences, 37 (18). pp. 2138-2143. ISSN 0264-0414

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/02640414.2019.1622855

Abstract

Mechanistic studies of the Functional Re-adaptive Exercise Device (FRED) have shown it automatically recruits Lumbar Multifidus (LM) and Transversus Abdominis (TrA) – two deep-spinal muscles that are atrophied and show altered motor control in low back pain (LBP). No studies have investigated the time required to familiarise to FRED exercise, which is required to inform future FRED based clinical trial protocols. This study therefore determined the effect of time, during FRED exercise, on biomechanical outcome measures, to establish the familiarisation period, and assess for loss of technique throughout a ten minute trial. A cohort comparison study of 148 participants, 70 experiencing low back pain, had lumbopelvic kinematics, exercise frequency and movement variability measured during a 10 minute trial. Magnitude-based inference was used to assess for familiarisation, using plots of variation over time with familiarised reference ranges. The no pain group took 170 seconds, and the back pain group took 150 seconds, to familiarise. A familiarisation period of at least 170 seconds (2.8 minutes) is recommended. This justifies, and provides a familiarisation time for use of the FRED as a motor control intervention.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Motor control, spinal rehabilitation, Lumbar Multifidus, Transversus Abdominis
Subjects: B100 Anatomy, Physiology and Pathology
C600 Sports Science
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 18 Mar 2019 15:09
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2019 10:04
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/38433

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