Underdetermined Convolutive Source Separation Using GEM-MU With Variational Approximated Optimum Model Order NMF2D

Al-Tmeme, Ahmed, Woo, Wai Lok, Dlay, Satnam and Gao, Bin (2017) Underdetermined Convolutive Source Separation Using GEM-MU With Variational Approximated Optimum Model Order NMF2D. IEEE/ACM Transactions on Audio, Speech, and Language Processing, 25 (1). pp. 35-49. ISSN 2329-9290

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1109/TASLP.2016.2620600

Abstract

An unsupervised machine learning algorithm based on nonnegative matrix factor Two-dimensional deconvolution (NMF2D) with approximated optimum model order is proposed. The proposed algorithm adapted under the hybrid framework that combines the generalized EM algorithm with multiplicative update. As the number of parameters in the NMF2D grows exponentially the number of frequency basis increases linearly, the issues of model-order fitness, initialization, and parameters estimation become ever more critical. This paper proposes a variational Bayesian method to optimize the number of components in the NMF2D by using the Gamma-Exponential process as the observation-latent model. In addition, it is shown that the proposed Gamma-Exponential process can be used to initialize the NMF2D parameters. Finally, the paper investigates the issue and advantages of using different window length. Experimental results for the synthetic convolutive mixtures and live recordings verify the competence of the proposed algorithm.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Audio source separation, generalized expectation-maximization algorithm, nonnegative matrix factorization, optimum model order selection, variational Bayesian
Subjects: G900 Others in Mathematical and Computing Sciences
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Computer and Information Sciences
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 28 Mar 2019 15:23
Last Modified: 28 Mar 2019 15:23
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/38612

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