A systematic scoping review of asset-based approaches to promote health in communities: development of a framework

Cassetti, Viola, Powell, Katie, Barnes, Amy and Sanders, Tom (2019) A systematic scoping review of asset-based approaches to promote health in communities: development of a framework. Global Health Promotion. ISSN 1757-9759 (In Press)

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Abstract

Asset-based approaches (ABAs) to health promotion have become increasingly popular as a way to tackle health inequalities, by empowering people in more disadvantaged communities to use local resources and increase control over health and its determinants. However, questions remain about how they work in practice. This article presents the findings from a systematic scoping review of the empirical literature on ABAs in communities, which aimed to identify the key elements of ABAs, and how they are operationalised in interventions aimed at promoting health and reducing inequalities in local communities. Four databases were searched (Medline, PsycINFO, CINAHL, ASSIA), and papers were included if they described interventions explicitly adopting an ABA but excluded if limited to assets’ identification. Thirty-one articles were included in the review. Data were extracted on: the type of assets that the intervention built upon, how assets were mobilised, the expected outcomes, and evaluation methods. A framework synthesizing the key characteristics of asset-based interventions to promote health in communities is presented. Three main approaches to mobilising assets were identified in the literature: (A) connecting assets, (B) raising awareness of assets and (C) enabling assets to thrive. It is argued that ABAs to health promotion take a wide variety of forms, making it difficult to anticipate outcomes and to evaluate interventions. The framework presented here can be used to better understand the processes through which ABAs work in practice to promote health and reduce inequalities.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: B900 Others in Subjects allied to Medicine
L400 Social Policy
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Social Work, Education and Community Wellbeing
Depositing User: Paul Burns
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2019 11:25
Last Modified: 13 May 2019 13:45
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/38629

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