Pain and depression are associated with both physical and mental fatigue independently of comorbidities and medications in primary Sjögren's syndrome

Hackett, Kate, Davies, Kristen, Tarn, Jessica, Bragg, Rebecca, Hargreaves, Ben, Miyamoto, Samira, Mitchell, Sheryl, McMeekin, Peter, Bowman, Simon, Price, Elizabeth, Pease, Colin, Emery, Paul, Lanyon, Peter, Hunter, John, Gupta, Monica, Bombardieri, Michele, Sutcliffe, Nurhan, Pitzalis, Constantino, McLaren, John, Cooper, Annie, Regan, Marian, Giles, Ian, Isenberg, David, Vadivelu, Saravanan, Coady, David, Dasgupta, Bhaskar, McHugh, Neil, Young-Min, Steven, Moots, Robert, Gendi, Nagui, Akil, Mohammed, Griffiths, Bridget, Lendrem, Dennis and Ng, Wan-Fai (2019) Pain and depression are associated with both physical and mental fatigue independently of comorbidities and medications in primary Sjögren's syndrome. RMD Open, 5. e000885. ISSN 2056-5933

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Official URL: http://doi.org/10.1136/rmdopen-2018-000885

Abstract

Objectives: To report on fatigue in patients from the United Kingdom Primary Sjögren’s Syndrome Registry identifying factors associated with fatigue and robust to assignable causes such as comorbidities and medications associated with drowsiness.

Methods: From our cohort (n=608) we identified those with comorbidities associated with fatigue, and those taking medications associated with drowsiness. We constructed dummy variables, permitting the contribution of these potentially assignable causes of fatigue to be assessed. Using multiple regression analysis, we modelled the relationship between Profile of Fatigue and Discomfort (PROFAD) physical and mental fatigue scores and potentially related variables.

Results: Pain, depression, and daytime sleepiness scores were closely associated with both physical and mental fatigue (all p≤0.0001). In addition, dryness was strongly associated with physical fatigue (p≤0.0001). These effects were observed even after adjustment for co-morbidities associated with fatigue or medications associated with drowsiness.

Conclusions: These findings support further research and clinical interventions targeting pain, dryness, depression and sleep to improve fatigue in PSS patients.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sjogren’s syndrome, fatigue, comorbidities, concomitant medications, pain, depression
Subjects: B900 Others in Subjects allied to Medicine
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Nursing, Midwifery and Health
Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Social Work, Education and Community Wellbeing
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 03 Apr 2019 08:29
Last Modified: 30 Apr 2019 12:15
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/38708

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