Chlorophylls and carotenoids of kiwifruit puree are affected similarly or less by microwave than by conventional heat processing and storage

Benlloch Tinoco, Maria, Kaulmann, Anouk, Corte-Real, Joana, Rodrigo, Dolores, Martínez-Navarrete, Nuria and Bohn, Torsten (2015) Chlorophylls and carotenoids of kiwifruit puree are affected similarly or less by microwave than by conventional heat processing and storage. Food Chemistry, 187. pp. 254-262. ISSN 0308-8146

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2015.04.052

Abstract

The impact of microwave (1000 W - 340 s) and conventional heat (97 °C - 30 s) pasteurisation and storage (4, 10, 22 °C for up to 63 d) on total and individual carotenoids and chlorophylls in kiwifruit puree was evaluated. Bioaccessibility of carotenoids, before and after pasteurisation and storage, was also studied. Microwaves and conventional heating led to marked changes in the chlorophyll (42-100% losses) and carotenoid (62-91% losses) content. First- and second-order kinetics appropriately explained the degradation of total carotenoids and chlorophylls over time, respectively. Pasteurised samples showed significantly (p < 0.05) enhanced stability of these pigments, with microwaves (k = 0.007-0.031 100 g mg-1 day-1 at 4-22 °C) promoting chlorophyll stability to a greater extent than conventional heating (k = 0.0015-0.034 100 g mg-1 day-1 at 4-22 °C). Bioaccessibility of carotenoids remained (p < 0.05) unaffected by processing and storage. These results highlighted that the pigment composition of microwaved kiwifruit was more similar to that of the fresh fruit and better preserved during storage.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bioaccessibility, Conventional heating, Degradation kinetics, Lutein, Microwave heating, Pheophytin
Subjects: D600 Food and Beverage studies
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: Paul Burns
Date Deposited: 10 Apr 2019 17:11
Last Modified: 10 Apr 2019 17:11
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/38917

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