Non-Line-of-Sight MIMO Space-Time Division Multiplexing Visible Light Optical Camera Communications

Bani Hassan, Navid, Ghassemlooy, Fary, Zvanovec, Stanislav, Biagi, Mauro, Vegni, Anna Maria, Zhang, Min and Luo, Pengfei (2019) Non-Line-of-Sight MIMO Space-Time Division Multiplexing Visible Light Optical Camera Communications. Journal of Lightwave Technology, 37 (10). pp. 2409-2417. ISSN 0733-8724

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1109/JLT.2019.2906097

Abstract

In this paper, a non-line-of-sight multiple-input multiple-output space and time division multiple access optical camera communications system is proposed for an indoor environment. Mask matching and equal-gain combining (EGC) schemes as well as differential modulation and frame subtraction are used. We propose a unique packet structure to label the transmitters and a new detection method for data extraction from the captured video streams. We outline a comprehensive theoretical model and have developed an experimental testbed to evaluate the performance of the proposed system. The results highlight that zooming and defocusing of the camera does not have a significant impact on the system performance, therefore the aperture can be set to its maximum value. The system performs well over a link span of 10 m with a low transmit power of 12 mW and in the presence of ambient light due to the non-linear conversion of RAW to JPEG. Using mask matching and EGC improves the tolerance of the system to the noise.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Camera communications, equal-gain combining, MIMO, non-line-of-sight, space division multiplexing
Subjects: H600 Electronic and Electrical Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 23 Apr 2019 14:09
Last Modified: 15 Jul 2019 12:45
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/39034

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