Increasing mitigation ambition to meet the Paris Agreement’s temperature goal avoids substantial heat-related mortality in U.S. cities

Lo, Y. T. Eunice, Mitchell, Daniel M., Gasparrini, Antonio, Vicedo-Cabrera, Ana M., Ebi, Kristie L., Frumhoff, Peter C., Millar, Richard J., Roberts, William, Sera, Francesco, Sparrow, Sarah, Uhe, Peter and Williams, Gethin (2019) Increasing mitigation ambition to meet the Paris Agreement’s temperature goal avoids substantial heat-related mortality in U.S. cities. Science Advances, 5 (6). eaau4373. ISSN 2375-2548

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1126/sciadv.aau4373

Abstract

Current greenhouse gas mitigation ambition is consistent with ~3°C global mean warming above preindustrial levels. There is a clear need to strengthen mitigation ambition to stabilize the climate at the Paris Agreement goal of warming of less than 2°C. We specify the differences in city-level heat-related mortality between the 3°C trajectory and warming of 2° and 1.5°C. Focusing on 15 U.S. cities where reliable climate and health data are available, we show that ratcheting up mitigation ambition to achieve the 2°C threshold could avoid between 70 and 1980 annual heat-related deaths per city during extreme events (30-year return period). Achieving the 1.5°C threshold could avoid between 110 and 2720 annual heat-related deaths. Population changes and adaptation investments would alter these numbers. Our results provide compelling evidence for the heat-related health benefits of limiting global warming to 1.5°C in the United States.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: F800 Physical and Terrestrial Geographical and Environmental Sciences
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Geography and Environmental Sciences
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 25 Apr 2019 13:31
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2019 09:38
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/39069

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