Propolis Extracts Inhibit UV-Induced Photodamage in Human Experimental In Vitro Skin Models

Karapetsas, Athanasios, Voulgaridou, Georgia-Persephoni, Konialis, Manolis, Tsochantaridis, Ilias, Kynigopoulos, Spyridon, Lambropoulou, Maria, Stavropoulou, Maria-Ioanna, Stathopoulou, Konstantina, Aligiannis, Nektarios, Bozidis, Petros, Goussia, Anna, Gardikis, Konstantinos, Panagiotidis, Mihalis and Pappa, Aglaia (2019) Propolis Extracts Inhibit UV-Induced Photodamage in Human Experimental In Vitro Skin Models. Antioxidants, 8 (5). p. 125. ISSN 2076-3921

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.3390/antiox8050125

Abstract

The aim of this study was to assess the antioxidant, photoprotective, and antiaging effects of Greek propolis. Propolis was subjected to n-heptane or methanol extraction. Total phenolic/flavonoid content and antioxidant potential were determined in the extracts. Promising extracts were evaluated for their cytoprotective properties using human immortalized keratinocyte (HaCaT) or reconstituted human skin tissue following exposure to UVB. Assessment of cytotoxicity, DNA damage, oxidative status, and gene/protein expression levels of various matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) were performed. The propolis methanolic fractions exhibited higher total phenolic and flavonoid contents and significant in vitro antioxidant activity. Incubation of HaCaT cells with certain methanolic extracts significantly decreased the formation of DNA strand breaks following exposure to UVB and attenuated UVB-induced decrease in cell viability. The extracts had no remarkable effect on the total antioxidant status, but significantly lowered total protein carbonyl content used as a marker for protein oxidation in HaCaT cells. MMP-1, -3, -7, and -9, monitored as endpoints of antiaging efficacy, were significantly reduced by propolis following UVB exposure in a model of reconstituted skin tissue. In conclusion, propolis protects against the oxidative and photodamaging effects of UVB and could be further explored as a promising agent for developing natural antiaging strategies.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: propolis; antioxidant; antiaging; photoprotective; DNA damage; matrix metalloproteinases; HaCaT; reconstituted skin
Subjects: C900 Others in Biological Sciences
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Applied Sciences
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 10 May 2019 08:49
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2019 08:48
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/39243

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