pH-Responsive Dithiomaleimide-Amphiphilic Block Copolymer for Drug Delivery and Cellular Imaging

Bai, Ting, Shao, Dongyan, Chen, Jianxin, Li, Yifan, Xu, Bin and Kong, Jie (2019) pH-Responsive Dithiomaleimide-Amphiphilic Block Copolymer for Drug Delivery and Cellular Imaging. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, 552. pp. 439-447. ISSN 0021-9797

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2019.05.074

Abstract

A drug delivery system that is integrated with fluorescent imaging is an emerging platform for tumor diagnostic and therapy. A pH-responsive fluorescent polymer that can respond to the surrounding medium is a desired component with which to construct an advanced drug delivery system with bioimaging characteristics and controllable drug releasing. In this work, we synthesized novel amphiphilic block copolymers of poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(2-(diisopropylamino) ethyl methacrylate-co-dithiomaleimide) (PEG-b-poly(DPA-co-DTM)) and poly(ethylene glycol)-b-poly(2-(dibutylamino) ethyl methacrylate-co-dithiomaleimide) (PEG-b-poly(DBA-co-DTM)) with pH-responsiveness and fluorescence. The block copolymers exhibited relatively stable fluorescence properties in different solvent and excitation-independent fluorescence behaviours. By copolymerizing the responsive segments in the molecule chain, the doxorubicin (DOX)-loaded micelles could be triggered to disassemble, thus releasing DOX at the corresponding pH values and yielding a pH-responsive drug release. Targeted deliveries of the drug within the cell were demonstrated by using the carrier responding to different pH values. The best antitumor effect was obtained by PEG-b-poly(DPA-co-DTM), which immediately released DOX as soon as it entered the tumor cells, as a result of responding to the regional pH level (pH = 6.3). The pH-responsive copolymers showed excellent biocompatibilities, as nearly 85% of cells with these fluorescent micelles survive when the testing concentration goes up to 200 μg mL−1. In all, these pH-responsive and dithiomaleimide-based fluorescent block copolymers hold great potential in future cancer diagnostic and therapeutic techniques.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Dithiomaleimide, Fluorescence imaging, pH-responsive, Amphiphilic block copolymer, Drug delivery
Subjects: B800 Medical Technology
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mechanical and Construction Engineering
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 22 May 2019 09:04
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2019 09:05
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/39377

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