Surface Characteristics of Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxane Modified Clay and Its Application in Polymerization of Macrocyclic Polyester Oligomers

Wan, Chaoying, Zhao, Feng, Bao, Xujin, Kandasubramanian, Bala and Duggan, Matt (2008) Surface Characteristics of Polyhedral Oligomeric Silsesquioxane Modified Clay and Its Application in Polymerization of Macrocyclic Polyester Oligomers. The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 112 (38). pp. 11915-11922. ISSN 1520-6106

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/jp805259q

Abstract

Novel porous aminopropyllsooctyl polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSS) modified montmorillonite clay complexes (POSS-Mts) with large interlayer distance and specific surface area have been successfully prepared via ion-exchange reaction and followed by freeze-drying treatment. The morphology of the POSS-Mts is highly influenced by the POSS concentration, pH of the suspension and drying procedure, but the interlayer distance of the POSS-Mts does not change much when the POSS concentration is above 0.4 CEC. The POSS-Mts were used as Sn-catalyst supporters to initiate the ring-opening polymerization of cyclic butylene terephthalate oligomers (CBT) for the first time. No diffraction peak was detected by wide-angle X-ray diffraction for the polymerized composites (pCBT/POSS-Mt), even at 10 wt % loading of POSS-Mt. A clay network rather than exfoliation structure was observed unexpectedly in the composites by transmission electron microscopy. The pCBT/POSS-Mt composite with 10 wt % POSS-Mt was further melt-compounded with commercial PBT resin as a master batch. The tensile properties of the resultant PBT/POSS-Mt composites were highly improved as compared to the pristine PBT due to the homogeneous dispersion of POSS-Mt in the PBT matrix.

Item Type: Article
Subjects: H100 General Engineering
H700 Production and Manufacturing Engineering
H800 Chemical, Process and Energy Engineering
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Ellen Cole
Date Deposited: 08 Dec 2011 16:45
Last Modified: 24 Oct 2017 08:54
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/3940

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