A ‘cross-relaxation effects’ model for dynamic exchange of water in amorphous polymer with thermochemical shape memory effect

Liu, Chang, Lu, Haibao, Li, Guoqiang, Hui, David and Fu, Yong Qing (2019) A ‘cross-relaxation effects’ model for dynamic exchange of water in amorphous polymer with thermochemical shape memory effect. Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, 52 (34). p. 345305. ISSN 0022-3727

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1088/1361-6463/ab2860

Abstract

Dynamic exchange of water has been shown to effectively trigger thermally responsive shape memory effect (SME) in shape memory polymer (SMP) at room temperature. However, the working mechanism of cross-relaxation effects, which are generated simultaneously from two stimulus fields of water and temperature, has not been understood. In this study, a ‘cross-relaxation effect’ model was formulated for describing water-induced relaxation, thermomechanical behavior and strain recovery of amorphous SMPs. Based on Maxwell’s principle, the ‘cross-relaxation effect’ model was firstly proposed to quantitatively separate the effect of dynamic exchange of water on the thermochemical SME in SMP. Then the water-induced relaxation and strain recovery have been simulated and predicted using this model. Finally, experimental data were used to verify the proposed model, and the numerical results were found to fit well with the experimental ones. This ‘cross-relaxation effect’ model is expected to provide an effective tool for precise design and control of water-induced SME and shape memory behaviors by means of the dynamic exchange of water.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: shape memory polymer, cross-relaxation effects, dynamic exchange
Subjects: F200 Materials Science
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 10 Jun 2019 08:17
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2019 09:36
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/39579

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