Heterostructured NiO/ZnO nanorod arrays with significantly enhanced H2S sensing performance

Ao, Dongyi, Li, Zhijie, Fu, Yong Qing, Tang, Yongliang, Yan, Shengnan and Zu, Xiao-Tao (2019) Heterostructured NiO/ZnO nanorod arrays with significantly enhanced H2S sensing performance. Nanomaterials, 9 (6). p. 900. ISSN 2079-4991

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Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3390/nano9060900

Abstract

H2S gas sensors were fabricated using p-n heterojunctions of NiO/ZnO, in which the ZnO nanorod arrays were wrapped with nickel oxide (NiO) nanosheets via a hydrothermal synthesis method. When the H2S gas molecules were adsorbed and then oxidized on the surfaces ZnO, the free electrons will be released. The increase of electron concentration on the ZnO boosts the transport speeds of electrons on both sides of the NiO/ZnO p-n junction, which significantly improved the sensing performance and selectivity for H2S detection, if compared to those using the pure ZnO nanorod arrays. The response toward 20 ppm of H2S was 21.3 at 160 oC for the heterostructured NiO/ZnO sensor, while the limit of detection was 0.1 ppm. Additionally, it was found that when the sensor was exposed to H2S at an operating temperature below 160 oC, the resistance of sensor was significantly decreased, indicating its n-type semiconductor nature, whereas when the operating temperature was above 160 oC, the resistance was significantly increased, indicating its p-type semiconductor nature. Finally, the sensing mechanism of the NiO/ZnO heterostructured H2S gas sensor was discussed in detail.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ZnO; nanorods; NiO; p-n junction; H2S gas sensor
Subjects: F200 Materials Science
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Mathematics, Physics and Electrical Engineering
Depositing User: Becky Skoyles
Date Deposited: 11 Jun 2019 13:35
Last Modified: 03 Jul 2019 14:30
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/39647

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