Intelligent Skin Cancer Detection Using Enhanced Particle Swarm Optimization

Tan, Teck Yan (2019) Intelligent Skin Cancer Detection Using Enhanced Particle Swarm Optimization. Doctoral thesis, Northumbria University.

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Abstract

This research undertakes intelligent skin cancer diagnosis based on dermoscopy images using several variants of the Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) algorithm for feature optimization. Since the identification of the most significant discriminative characteristics of the benign and malignant skin lesions plays an important role in robust skin cancer detection, the proposed PSO algorithms are employed for feature optimization. Specifically, the overall system contains multiple steps, i.e. pre-processing (noise removal), segmentation, feature extraction from both skin and lesion regions, proposed PSO based feature selection and classification. After extracting a large number of raw shapes, colour and texture features from the lesion areas, feature selection is conducted to identify the most discriminating significant feature subsets. Besides PSO and Genetic Algorithm (GA) based feature optimization, a total of four novel PSO variant algorithms, i.e. hybrid learning PSO (HLPSO), a PSO variant model (PSOVA), adaptive coefficient PSO (ACPSO), and random coefficient PSO (RCPSO), have been proposed for feature selection. Diverse search strategies are proposed in these models to mitigate premature convergence problems of the original PSO algorithm. Single and ensemble classifiers have been employed to perform benign and malignant lesion classification. Evaluated with multiple skin lesion and UCI databases and diverse unimodal and multimodal benchmark functions, the proposed PSO variants show superior performances over those of other advanced and classical search methods for identifying discriminative features that facilitate benign and malignant lesion classification as well as for solving diverse optimization problems with different landscapes. The Wilcoxon rank sum test is adopted to further ascertain superiority of the proposed algorithms over other methods statistically.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Uncontrolled Keywords: artificial intelligence, machine learning, image processing, feature extraction, evolution algorithm
Subjects: B900 Others in Subjects allied to Medicine
G400 Computer Science
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Computer and Information Sciences
University Services > Graduate School > Doctor of Philosophy
Depositing User: Paul Burns
Date Deposited: 11 Jul 2019 17:22
Last Modified: 26 Oct 2019 08:20
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/40002

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