Psychological vulnerability as an integral component of comprehensive vulnerability assessment: informing policy and practice in disaster risk reduction

Jogia, Jigar and Wedawatta, Gayan (2019) Psychological vulnerability as an integral component of comprehensive vulnerability assessment: informing policy and practice in disaster risk reduction. International Journal of Work Organisation and Emotion. ISSN 1740-8938 (In Press)

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Abstract

Science can be utilized to mitigate risk and vulnerability throughout the disaster management cycle. The risk of a disaster depends not only on the hazard but also on the psychological, social and environmental vulnerability of exposed communities. Through a review of existing knowledge on evidence-based methods for assessing vulnerability in communities, it was found that psychological vulnerability is seldom considered in such assessments. We argue that psychological aspects play a key role in how people and communities perceive and respond to disaster events. Building infrastructure to assess vulnerability in a comprehensive manner is essential to inform policy and practice in disaster risk reduction. Better understanding of these complex relationships and the role of psychological vulnerability in reducing risk and building the resilience of nations and communities to disasters requires interdisciplinary approaches cutting across fields such as science, psychology, health, environment, economics, engineering and technology.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Disaster risk reduction, Resilience, vulnerability and resilience paradigms, Mental health, Psychological impact, Disaster management, vulnerability identification, Socio-economic, Environmental Impact
Subjects: C800 Psychology
K400 Planning (Urban, Rural and Regional)
Department: Faculties > Engineering and Environment > Architecture and Built Environment
Depositing User: Paul Burns
Date Deposited: 29 Jul 2019 16:30
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2019 10:08
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/40195

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