Isovelocity vs Isoinertial Sprint Cycling Tests for Power- and Torque-Cadence Relationships

Kordi, Mehdi, Folland, Jonathan, Goodall, Stuart, Barratt, Paul and Howatson, Glyn (2019) Isovelocity vs Isoinertial Sprint Cycling Tests for Power- and Torque-Cadence Relationships. International Journal of Sports Medicine. ISSN 0172-4622 (In Press)

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Abstract

Sprint cycling performance is heavily dependent on mechanical peak power output (PPO) and the underlying power- and torque-cadence relationships. Other key indices of these relationships include maximum torque (TMAX), cadence (CMAX) and optimal cadence (COPT). Two common methods are used in the laboratory: isovelocity and isoinertial. Little research has been carried out to compare the magnitude and reliability of these performance measures with these two common sprint cycling assessments. The aim of this study was to compare the magnitude and reliability of PPO, TMAX, CMAX and COPT measured with isovelocity and isoinertial sprint cycling methods. Two experimental sessions required 20 trained cyclists to perform isoinertial sprints and then isovelocity sprints. For each method, power-cadence and torque-cadence relationships were established and PPO and COPT were interpolated and TMAX and CMAX were extrapolated. The isoinertial method produced significantly higher PPO (p < 0.001) and TMAX (p < 0.001) than the isovelocity method. However, the isovelocity method produced significantly higher COPT (p < 0.001) and CMAX (p = 0.002). Both sprint cycling tests showed high levels of between-session reliability (isoinerital 2.9 – 4.4%; isovelocity 2.7 – 4.0%). Functional measures of isovelocity and isoinertial sprint cycling tests were highly reliable but cannot be used interchangeably.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: Maximum power, pedalling, torque, cadence
Subjects: C600 Sports Science
Department: Faculties > Health and Life Sciences > Sport, Exercise and Rehabilitation
Depositing User: Paul Burns
Date Deposited: 29 Jul 2019 17:26
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2019 10:09
URI: http://nrl.northumbria.ac.uk/id/eprint/40198

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